Translated "green gemstone" it orginates from the Greek "smaragdo" via Old French "esmeralde." Emeralds are beryllium-aluminium-silicates with traces of chromium and vanadium which give it the green color. Flaws (or in the case of the emerald and similar to the gemstone amber) are actually inclusions that make the gemstone more valuable. Emeralds with inclusions verify authenticity, and account for the desired darker green color. Some specialists call the inclusions, cracks and fissures "jardin" as they resemble the tiny green plants in an emerald garden which allude to its all-natural origin.
It is speculated that the best emeralds are mined in South America, particularly, Colombia. Other notable mines are located in Brazil, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Madagascar, India, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Russia.
The Emerald Buddha is a statue that surfaced in northern Thailand in the Lannathai kingdom in 1434. One account of its discovery tells that lightning struck a pagoda in a temple in Chiang Rai, after which, something became visible beneath the stucco. The Buddha was dug out, and the people believed the figurine to be made of emerald, hence its name.
Research shows that emeralds have been mined and sought after for well over 4,000 years by many civilizations, and continue to be one of four highly valued gemstones - the others being: diamond, ruby and sapphire.
Care of Emerald Jewelry:
Although the emerald has a Mohs Scale hardness of 7.5 to 8, the inclusions, cracks and fissures within the stone increase the possibility of fractures and damage. Therefore, to protect your jewelry, certain care instructions should be noted.
Folklore and the Mystic:
Christians view the emerald as a symbol of faith and hope. Biblical narrative depicts a rainbow around God's throne shining like an emerald.
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